Types of Hernia
Inguinal Hernia (Female & Male)
An inguinal hernia is a common type of hernia, causing a lump and sometimes pain in the groin.
A femoral hernia is an uncommon type of hernia. Femoral hernias sometimes appear as a painful lump in the inner upper part of the thigh or groin.
An umbilical hernia is normally a painless swelling in or near the belly button.
An epigastric hernia is a lump in the midline between the belly button and the breastbone which can cause pain.
An incisional hernia is hernia occurring through a previously made incision, ie. the scar left from a previous operation.
A spigelian hernia is a very rare abdominal wall hernia that usually arises to the right of the belly button, between the three layers of the abdominal wall.
A lumbar hernia is a very rare condition with fewer than 300 cases reported. The defect arises at the back of the abdominal wall where the muscles join the muscles of the back.
A ventral hernia is a bulge through an abnormal opening in the wall of the abdominal muscles at the top of the abdominal wall.
Divarication of the rectus occurs when the two sides of rectus abdominus muscle forming the abdominal wall separate. It is common in pregnancy and is only a problem if the muscles do not come back together again in their correct position.
At times lumps and bumps can appear on your body and while most lumps are benign (non cancerous) it is important to have them checked to be sure of exactly what they are and whether or not they need treatment. Examples of benign skin lumps include:
- Sebaceous cysts: skin lumps filled with fluid.
- Skin nodules formed by inflammation of the skin.
- Lipoma: small lumps of fat cells.
- Fibromas or fibro adenomas: lumps of fibrous or glandular tissue.
- Haematoma: a lump formed by blood escaping into the tissue (a large bruise).
- Haemangioma: a lump formed by extra growth of blood vessels.
- Papilloma: a lump of skin or internal membrane cells, for example.
Surgery for Lumps and Bumps
It is usually performed as a day case procedure, under local anaesthetic, using minimally invasive techniques with the aim of removing the lump or bump and causing minimal scarring. Options for treatment will depend upon the cause.
Painful ingrowth of the nail (usually of the great toes), can result in repeated infections and pain caused by rubbing, particularly in shoes. It is easily treated with a simple day case operation, usually done under local anaesthetic to remove part of the nail causing the damage to prevent recurrence of symptoms in the future.
Pilonidal disease is a condition where hairs collect in small pits under the skin. This is nearly always between the buttocks in the tail bone region. The pit usually has a small opening on to the surface of the skin. This is called a pilonidal sinus. Hair, sweat and (if there is infection) pus can come out through the sinus.